Nearly 1 in 7 couples is infertile, which means they haven’t been able to conceive a child even though they’ve had frequent, unprotected sexual intercourse for a year or longer. In up to half of these couples, male infertility plays at least a partial role.
Male infertility is on the rise and now accounts for nearly 40% of causes, It is seen that poor semen parameters may be due to some illness or fever or due to local infections, stress, pollution and bad diet. It could also be that there is the failure of the testis to produce sperm due to trauma or infections in the testis. which can be caused by low sperm production, abnormal sperm function or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. Chronic health problems, lifestyle choices and other factors may contribute to male infertility.
The inability to conceive a child can be stressful and frustrating, but several treatments are available for male infertility.
- Semen analysis to check the number, movement and shape of the sperm in the ejaculation
- Blood tests may also be done to check the hormone levels that control sperm production.
- Genetic investigations to test for chromosomal anomalies or Y chromosome microdeletion may be done.