Breast Feeding and Benefits

Breast Feeding and its Benefits




Breastfeeding is when you feed your baby breast milk, usually directly from your breast. It is the best gift that a mother can give to her baby. Breastfeeding builds physical & emotional bonding between mother & baby. It defines to protect, promote and help the health of both the mother & the baby.

Benefits of Breast Milk

Breast milk provides the ideal nutrition for infants for normal growth and development, in good proportion and in a form that is easily digested and absorbed. Breast milk also contains important antibodies. 

It contains:


  • Lactose is in a high concentration (6-7 g/dl) 
  • Galactose is vital for ideal mental health in developing babies.
  • Lactose helps in absorption of Calcium
  • Lactose upgrades the development of lactobacilli in the digestive system 



  • Rich in polyunsaturated unsaturated fats essential for myelination of the nervous system. 
  • Contain omega-3 (long-chain unsaturated fats). Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) provides the right substances for manufacturing myelin, the fatty sheath that surrounds nerve fibers.
  • Lipids present in human milk includes-EPA, prostaglandin precursor, fat-soluble vitamins, steroids & phospholipids.


  • The protein is mostly whey protein (60%) rich in Lactalbumin and Lactoferrin& the rest is casein (40%) which are easily digestible.
  • Lactalbumin is rich in tryptophan, the precursor of serotonin that plays an important role as a neurotransmitter.
  • Lactoferrin guarantees assimilation of iron and zinc, and it is bacteriostatic also.



  • Peroxidases, lipid lipases, bile salt invigorated lipase (BSSL) kill the organisms by working with fat ingestion and hydrolysing bacterial lipids. 
  • The Bifidus factor and acidic pH related with human milk prompt colonization by Lactobacillus. 
  • Lactobacilli and lactic corrosive that aides in absorption are called probiotic substances


Breast Milk is protected, non-hypersensitive contains – immunoglobulins, secretory parts and secretory IgA. Additionally, Plasma cells, polymorphs, lysosomes, lactoperoxidase, development factors, and so on. Serum IgA gives surface security to the respiratory &Gl parcels. S IgA opposes proteolytic debasement in the neonatal gut and offers insurance. 

So as per research, Breast milk contains cell components, for example, macrophages (up to 80%) lymphocytes (T and B), which are an essential protection against contamination and supply T and B lymphocytes. 

Nutrients in human milk are a decent wellspring of nutrients except nutrients K and D. Minerals in breast milk like iron, zinc, etc., are small quantities. Still, the bioavailability is much better because of carrier proteins, and Osmolality is low – decreased solute load on the kidney.

Initiation of Breastfeeding:
As ahead of schedule as conceivable, bosom taking care of must be started in both ordinary and LSCS conveyance inside one hour of life, after birth-child is naturally prepared and the inception is simple, Later on, the child goes to delayed rest, and thus it’s troublesome. Recurrence 2-3 hourly/request taking care of. Term – elite bosom taking care of for a half year.
Time for each feed: 15-20 minutes.

Exclusive Breast Feeding:
No pre-lacteal feeds.
No conventional feeds.
No pacifiers.
No extra liquids.

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