Endometriosis and its TreatmentsDr. Ashish Kale
What is Endometriosis?
Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue that looks like the lining of your uterus develops outside of it. The endometrium is the uterine lining.
Endometriosis is a condition in which endometrial-like tissue forms on the ovaries, intestines, and pelvic tissues. Endometrial tissue rarely spreads beyond the pelvic region, but it can happen. An endometrial implant is an endometrial tissue that has grown outside of your uterus.
The displaced endometrial tissue is affected by the hormonal fluctuations of your menstrual cycle, causing it to become irritated and uncomfortable his means the tissue will thicken, grow, and eventually break down. The broken tissue finally gets stuck in your pelvis because it has nowhere else to go.
This trapped tissue in your pelvis might cause the following problems:
- Scarring and adhesions are a source of discomfort (tissue that ties your vaginal organs together)
- Fertility difficulties and intense discomfort during periods
Endometriosis can present in a number of ways. Some women experience only minor symptoms, while others experience symptoms that range from mild to severe. The severity or stage of your condition has nothing to do with the degree of your pain. You could be in agonizing agony even if you have a mild instance of the illness. It’s also possible to have a severe kind while only feeling minor discomfort.
What causes Endometriosis?
During a regular menstrual cycle, the lining of your uterus is lost. This allows menstrual blood to travel from your uterus to your vaginal canal through the little opening in the cervix.
Endometriosis has no recognized cause, although there are a number of speculations about what causes it, none of which have been scientifically proven.
According to one of the early theories, endometriosis is caused by a process known as retrograde menstruation. When menstrual blood returns to your pelvic cavity via your fallopian tubes rather than escaping through the vagina, this occurs.
Hormones, according to another theory, drive cells outside the uterus to transform into endometrial cells, which line the lining of the uterus.
Others feel that if endometrial tissue grows in small areas of the abdomen, the sickness will develop. This could be because the cells in your abdomen are embryonic cells that have the ability to change shape and function like endometrial cells. It’s not clear why this happens.
Endometrial cells may have shifted to the surfaces of your pelvic organs, including your bladder, ovaries, and rectum. They continue to form, thicken, and bleed during your menstrual period in reaction to the hormones in your cycle.
Endometriosis Treatment Options
There are two types of treatment for Endometriosis.
One is a medical treatment that involves taking tablets and also includes hormonal treatment,
The other one is Surgical Treatment where you have to go under Surgery.
You have to visit your fertility consultant to decide what kind of treatment you will need because the treatment options depend on the age of patients, kind of symptoms, type of endometriosis and desire for fertility or to have a child.