In vitro fertilization (IVF) is one of the most widely used assisted reproductive technology, used in case of infertility for creating an embryo, which is caused by mild sperm abnormalities in men and women due to fallopian tube or ovulation irregularity.
Later the fertilized egg, or embryo, is allowed to grow for a duration of two to five days and is then transferred back into the woman’s womb through a surgical process by an IVF Specialist.
No, IVF is not at all painful because the injections used for IVF are filtered and injected in a subcutaneous form. The egg collection process is done under light sedation which is completely painless. At the time of embryo transfer, anesthesia is not provided but it is a 2 to 5 minutes of the process which rarely causes any pain.
IUI stands for intrauterine insemination, which is one of the general techniques of ART. It allows placing sperm straight to the female’s uterus. In this process, the processed sperm is used. However, the usage of this method will result in increasing the probabilities of conception.
IVF is basically for women with blocked or needing fallopian tubes. It is also used for other situations such as endometriosis, male factor infertility and unexplained infertility in which no medical reason for infertility can be seen.
Normally, the patients are asked to wait for 1 or 2 full menstrual cycles before beginning different ART cycles.
If you become pregnant, you will be asked to return to the hospital for a repeat blood analysis and an ultrasound to ensure a successful ongoing pregnancy. After establishing a fetal heartbeat you will be referred to an obstetrician for the remainder of the pregnancy.
The blood pregnancy test is done 14 days after the Embryo Transfer.
Egg retrieval is a fast method. Typically egg retrieval will take around 20-30 minutes. But, the time of the procedure may fluctuate depending on how many follicles are present, how easy is it to reach the ovaries with the ultrasound probe.