Male Infertility CausesDr. Ashish Kale
Male infertility is common, impacting one out of every twenty men. Male factor infertility affects over half of all infertile couples. The fact that most males are infertile comes as a complete shock to them.
It’s important to note that the testis has two unique functions.
The first is to generate testosterone, the male sex hormone that is responsible for sex drive, erections, strong muscles, and an overall sense of well-being in men. All of these characteristics are referred to as virility.
The testis’ second role is to create millions of sperm each day, a process that takes place inside each testis. For the majority of infertile men, it is simply this procedure that is at fault, resulting in a reduced number or poor quality of sperm.
Most infertile men generate a small amount of sperm, which may also have poor motility (or swimming ability) and be irregularly shaped (morphology). Only a limited number of normally shaped motile sperm are likely to swim up the woman’s fallopian tube into the region of the egg in such males, and even then, the egg may not be fertilized.
We can find a likely explanation for infertility in the remaining one-third of infertile men, including:
- A blockage or lack of the vas deferens might prevent sperm from passing from the back of the testis to the outside. Vasectomy is one of the most common causes, although any history of injury, previous surgery, or sexually transmitted disease may also play a role.
- Following a vasectomy or other trauma or infection, men can produce antibodies against their sperm. These antibodies inhibit sperm from swimming or adhering to the egg, which is a common cause of infertility. Antibodies to these proteins can only be detected by a particular test on fresh sperm, which is accessible at the Ashakiran Hospital.
- A variety of treatments, such as chemotherapy or frequent X-ray therapy, might harm the testis.
- A variety of issues, such as diabetes, MS, or past prostate surgery, can make it difficult for men to get an erection or ejaculate. Sperm can be found and utilized for IVF in these circumstances.
- Low sperm counts can be caused by a deficit in brain pituitary hormones. It is critical to diagnose it because it is easily treated with hormone injections.
Finally, investigations have revealed that sperm counts have decreased globally. The reported shift is minor (approximately 15%), and no cause has been determined with certainty; however, it is thought to be due to environmental factors.
Finally, while many men’s infertility causes are unknown, certain problems can be discovered and treated. Because of these facts, all infertile males should have their situation thoroughly checked.